The Gouro Zaouli Masks from Côte d’Ivoire – Bibliography

the japanese art of Kentsugi
Cote d'Ivoire globe
Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa (licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported)


This is not an exhaustive bibliography on the different topics related to China and the previous chapters; much more modestly, this bibliography reflects my readings and all the essays/books/articles I've fully read with interest and I would recommend to you.


IMHO, the two most relevant authors are


  • Anne-Marie Bouttiaux,

     * Gouro, English Edition, Five Continents Editions, Milan, Italy, 2016

* Persona - Masks of Africa - Identities Hidden and Revealed, in "African Arts", 62, Autumn 2009

* Challenging the dead hand of the museum display: The Case of Contemporary Guro Masquerades, in "Museum Anthropology", 35, 2012

* Guro Masked Performers - Sculpted Bodies Serving Spirits and People, in "African Arts", 56, Summer 2009


  • Eberhard Fischer, Guro Masks, Performances, and Master Carvers in Ivory Coast, in collaboration with Ulrike Himmelheber, Barbara Fischer, and Lorenz Homberger, Prestel, Munich-Berlin-London-New York, English Edition, 2008.


  • Henry John Drewal (Curator of African Art at the Neuberger Museum-SUNY-Purchase (1986), The Cleveland Museum of Art (1988-90), and Curator of African Art at the Toledo Museum of Art (1989). Former Professor of Art History and Afro-American Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Adjunct Curator of African Art at the Chazen Museum of Art, UW-Madison. Retired since late 2019).

* Mami Wata - Arts for Water Spirits in Africa and Its Diasporas, in African Arts, 60, Summer 2008

* Performing the Other: Mami Wata Worship in Africa, in TDR, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Summer, 1988), pp. 160-185


  • Armistead P. Rood

Bété Masked Dance: A View from within, in African Arts, Vol. 2, No. 3, Spring, 1969.


  • Dongui Zana Y. Ouattara (Alassane Ouattara University, Bouake, Côte d’Ivoire)

Language as a Mediating Factor in Interethnic Relations and Out-Group Acceptance: The Specific Case of the Malinke (Dyula) and Senoufo in Côte d’Ivoire, in Open Access Library Journal, Vol. 9, No.1, January 2022


  • Jean-Claude Meledje (Wibarex Consulting, Sydney)

Côte D'Ivoire: From Pre-Colonisation to Colonial Legacy, in "Social Evolution & History", Vol. 17 No. 1, March 2018, ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House


  • Christopher Zambakari (Founder and Chief Executive Officer of The Zambakari Advisory, Phoenix, AZ)

Mission to Civilise: The French West African Federation, in "Accord", April 21, 2021


  • Geir Skogseth (LandInfo Regional Adviser, Norway)

Report: Côte d’Ivoire: Ethnicity, Ivoirité and Conflict, LandInfo, November 2006, Norway


  • Ayouba Doumbia (CUNY City College)

Ethnic Conflict in Côte d’Ivoire, Master’s Thesis, 2021


  • Ruth Ginio (expert on French colonialism in West Africa and professor at the Ben Gurion University of the Negev in Israel)

French Colonial Reading of Ethnographic Research. The Case of the “Desertion” of the Abron King and its Aftermath, in "Cahiers d’Études africaines", 166, XLII-2, 2002, pp. 337-357.


  • Jean-Pierre Dozon (anthropologue, spécialiste de l’Afrique, directeur scientifique de la Fondation Maison des sciences de l'homme FMSH, directeur de recherche émérite à l’Institut de recherche pour le développement IRD, membre de l'Institut des mondes africains IMAF)

L’invention de la Côte-d’Ivoire, in "Le Genre humain", 1989/2, n. 20, p. 135-162. Download it here.


  • Peter J. Schraeder (professor of Political Science at Loyola University of Chicago, USA) 

African politics and society : a mosaic in transformation, 2nd edition, 2004, Wadsworth/Thomson, Belmont.


  • Alice L. Conklin (Professor of History at Ohio State University, USA)

A Mission to Civilize: The Republican Idea of Empire in France and West Africa, 1895-1930, Stanford University Press, 1997

Tiken Jah Fakoly, We Love Africa from his tenth album, Le monde est chaud, released in 2019.

Alyx Becerra




Did you inherit from your aunt a tribal mask, a stool, a vase, a rug, an ethnic item you don’t know what it is?

Did you find in a trunk an ethnic mysterious item you don’t even know how to describe?

Would you like to know if it’s worth something or is a worthless souvenir?

Would you like to know what it is exactly and if / how / where you might sell it?